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plantor

The taste of coffee

affected by the height of the plant plants

The height at which your coffee grows affects the taste!

All coffee in the world grows more or less in tropical climates. So it is the altitude, ie how high the coffee grows, that affects the taste of your coffee to a large extent. It is said that the mountainous region called the coffee belt, located about 30 degrees north and south of the equator, produces the world's best arabica coffee.

1000 meters altitude up to 2000 meters, and sometimes even more, is the ideal height for a coffee plant to grow, and gives the best coffee beans . At this altitude, the average temperature is 15-20 degrees all year round and therefore there is no frost that can damage the coffee plant. The coffee plant also gets plenty of sun at this height and with about 2000 millimeters of rain per year, the coffee plant feels very good. This colder climate in the mountains means that it takes longer for the coffee plant to grow and longer for the bean to develop. The increased time for the bean to ripen creates a bean with more complex sugars and a deeper and more interesting taste. In general, the water is drained more easily in the mountains, which results in less water in the bean and therefore a higher concentration of flavors.

Coffee that grows at high altitudes has become synonymous with quality in the coffee industry and today you can see that many coffee producers label the coffee with either the height at which it has grown or simply a guarantee that it has grown above a certain altitude. In Mexico, for example, coffee grown over a certain altitude is called "altura".

In general, it can be said that the higher up the coffee grows, the more flavor it has. Coffee that grows at an altitude of 600-800 meters is most often found in Hawaii. This coffee has a very mild and simple taste. If we move upwards to an altitude of about 1000 meters, we find instead Brazilian coffee which still has a milder taste, but has more sweetness. At an altitude of 1300 meters, the coffee in many cases comes from Costa Rica, Indonesia, Nicaragua or Mexico. Coffee that grows at this height has a more necessary taste and you can identify flavors such as citrus, vanilla and chocolate. The highest altitude for coffee is usually at 1700 meters and up. This coffee is most often grown in Ethiopia, Colombia, Kenya, Guatemala or Papa New Guinea. A cup of coffee from this height is more fruity, spicy and has flavors of berries and wine.

Coffee that grows at a higher altitude usually costs more because of the more complex flavors and because it is more difficult to harvest coffee in the mountains. So of course, coffee that grows at a lower altitude costs less. This coffee has a duller taste that can sometimes be likened to that of a cellar. Coffee that grows on low altitudes rarely can withstand a darker rust and one must therefore be very careful when rotting this type of coffee.

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